India is the second-most populous country in the world, and at present, the estimated population of India is over 140 crores. As per the last census, India is experiencing a growth rate of 0.98%, and the individual life expectancy is 69.40 years. India has a relatively young population, and this is one of the significant advantages that it has. Today, we have covered some of the interesting facts about the population of India along with the state-wise population.
State-wise Population Distribution in India
In this section of the page, we have covered the information about the state-wise population of India. We have started the list with the most populous state, and the list is in descending order. Go ahead and check out the details below.
Population of India By State 2022
The first state on our list is Uttar Pradesh, and it has a population of 19.98 crores. The area of the state is 240,928 sq. km, which gives us a population density of 828. The present sex ratio of Uttar Pradesh is 930
The second state is Maharashtra, with a population of 11.2 crores. The population of Maharashtra is concentrated in business centres like Mumbai & Pune. Cities like Mumbai are very densely populated. Mumbai has a population of 1.24 crores, and it is the most populous city in the country.
Bihar comes at number three, and it has a population of 10.4 crores. The population in Bihar is concentrated in cities like Patna. In addition, the sec ratio of Bihar needs certain improvement as the current sex ratio is around 918.
West Bengal also has quite a high population density as its total population is around 91.2 crores. The state has a sex ratio of 950, and the major city in the state is Kolkata. Kolkata alone has a population of 44 Lakhs, and it is the seventh most populous city.
Next on the list is Madhya Pradesh, which has a population of 7.2 crores. The population concentration in Madhya Pradesh is in Indore and Bhopal. These two city accounts for approximately 38 lakh people.
Tamil Nadu comes at number six for the population. The population of Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh is almost the same. The population of Tamil Nadu is 72.14 Lakhs, and Chennai is the largest city by population in Tamil Nadu.
Rajasthan is the largest state in the country by size, and it has a population of 6.85 crores, which pushes it to the seventh number. Jaipur is the most populous city of Rajasthan, with as many as 30 lakh people living in the city.
Karnataka has a population of 6.1 crores, and Bangalore itself has a population of 84 lakhs. The state attracted a lot of migrant crowds because of the IT industry in the state.
Gujarat is famous for business houses, and it presently has a population of around six crores. The largest cities in Gujarat are Ahmedabad & Surat, which have a population of approximately one crore.
Next on the list is Andhra Pradesh, with a total population of 4.93 crores. Visakhapatnam is the major city in Andhra Pradesh, and it has a population of 17.3 lakhs. The city is known for its industry.
Odisha has a population of 4.2 crores, and the state has a population concentrated in Puri & Bhubaneshwar. The state has witnessed massive growth in recent times.
At number 12, we have Telangana with a total population of 3.5 crores. The state was formed after a split of Andhra Pradesh. The present major city of Telangana is Hyderabad, and it also has some smart city projects in progress. The population of Hyderabad is 68 lakhs.
Kerala, often referred to as god’s own country, has a population of 3.3 crores, and it has a sex ratio which is opposite of almost every state. Yes, the sex ratio of Kerala is 1084.
At number 14, we have Jharkhand with a total population of 3.29 crores. The state has a sex ratio of 948, with a density of 414. Jharkhand is also experiencing a growth in population over the last few years.
Assam has a total population of 3.1 crores, approximately 2.58% of the total population. The state is known for its beautiful weather, and it has a low population density of 397.
Moving on, we have Punjab at number 16. This state has a population of 2.7 crores. The largest city in Punjab is Ludhiana, and it has a population of approximately 16 lakhs. Amritsar is yet another big city in Punjab.
In terms of population, Chhattisgarh comes at number 17 with a total population of 2.55 crores. The state has a sec ratio of 991, which is considered good. Chhattisgarh has been experiencing an incredible amount of development in recent times.
We also have Haryana on the list, and it has a population of 2.53 crores. Please note that the population of Chandigarh is not accounted for in Haryana’s population since it is a union territory.
Delhi is the most populous union territory in India, and it is the second-most populous city in the country. The total population of Delhi is 1.67 crore. Many migrants live in Delhi, and that forms a major part of the population. The sex ratio of the city is very poor, as it stands at 868. The population density of Delhi is 11297, which is high.
Jammu & Kashmir
Jammu & Kashmir was split into two union territories, but we don’t have the individual figures of these areas. Instead, the cumulative population of J&K is 1.25 crore, and it also has a low population density of 56.
At number 21, we have Uttarakhand with a population of 1 crore. The state is famous for its shrines and tourist spots. Because it is a hilly area, the population density is low, and it is around 189.
The next state on the list is Himachal Pradesh, with a population of around 68 lakhs. In terms of area, Himachal Pradesh is larger than Uttarakhand, but it still has a lower population density because of extreme weather in some districts.
We have Tripura at number 23, with a population of about 37 lakhs. The state has a sex ratio of 960. The state has a relatively high population density of 350.
The next on the list is a northeastern state. Yes, we are talking about Meghalaya, and it has a population of approximately 30 lakhs. You will notice that most northeastern states have a population density between 100 and 150. For Meghalaya, the density is 132. The sex ratio of Meghalaya is 989.
Moving on to number 25, we have Manipur, yet another northeastern state. This state has a population density of 28 lakhs, and it has a sex ratio of 985.
At number 26, we have Nagaland, and this state has a population of around 20 Lakhs. Nagaland is also a part of the northeastern region, and it has a relatively low density.
You would be surprised to know that Goa has a significantly less population when compared to the rest of the states. This was also one of the last states to get independence. The total present population of Goa is around 14.5 Lakhs, with a population density of 394.
Arunachal Pradesh has the lowest population density at 17. The state has a total population of 13.8 lakhs, and this population is spread over 83,743 sq. km. The main reason for such a low density is the climate and terrain.
Puducherry, which was formerly known as Pondicherry, has a population of 12 lakhs. The sex ratio of Puducherry is 1037. The size of this union territory is small, which is why Puducherry has a population density of 2593.
Mizoram has a population of 11 lakhs, and it also has a relatively low population density. At present, the number stands at 52.
Chandigarh is a union territory, and it has a population of 10.4 lakhs. The city is spread across 114 sq. km, so the population density is as high as 9252.
At number 32, we have Sikkim with a total population of 6 lakhs. This is approximately 0.05% of the total India’s population.
Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Andaman & Nicobar has one of the lowest populations in the country. At present, this number is 3.8 lakhs. The islands are spread across 8249 sq. km, but not all are inhabited.
Dadar & Nagar Haveli
Another union territory in India is Dadar & Nagar Haveli. This has a population of 3.4 Lakhs. The sex ratio of this UT is 774, and it certainly needs improvement.
Daman & Diu
Next on the list is Daman & Diu, and this UT has a population of 2.4 Lakhs. The UT is spread across 112 sq. km, and it has a very poor sex ratio of 618.
Last on the list is the Lakshadweep group of islands. This is considered a UT, and the total population is 64,000. The islands are spread across 32 sq. km, and a small portion is habitable.
These were all interesting facts about the population in India. By going through these points, we are sure that you would have realized that the population needs to be controlled. The problem with the increasing population is that it puts a lot of pressure on the resources. So, population control can help India with many things. What do you think about it? Do let us know in the comments section.